Aplikasi Mobile Learning Sebagai Sarana Pembelajaran Abad 21 bagi Pendidik dan Peserta Didik di era Revolusi Industri 4.0

Liza Efriyanti, Firdaus Annas

Abstract


The first to fourth industrial revolution has resulted in changes in the learning process of today. Learning in a person which was limited in space and time, with the development of technology, has led to the transition of a learning process that can take place anywhere and at any time. The aim of the research was to find the literature on mobile learning and its application in the 21st century learning process by educators and students and the devices used. This literature review research has shown that the use of mobile technology has influenced the development of mobile learning applications as a means of learning in the 21st century. Mobile learning applications can be used by educators and students if they are connected to the Internet. Developing a mobile application requires educators to be able to use it. Vice versa, students can use this application to build their knowledge of the material they need. Researchers concluded that learning through mobile learning has led to changes in educators and student thinking; how to work; the level of technology mastery; and the ability to adapt and survive in the outer environment

 

Revolusi industri pertama sampai dengan keempat mengakibatkan perubahan pada proses pembelajaran pada zaman sekarang. Pembelajaran pada diri seseorang yang dulunya dibatasi oleh ruang dan waktu, dengan perkembangan teknologi menyebabkan terjadinya peralihan proses pembelajaran yang bisa terjadi kapanpun dan dimanapun. Adapun tujuan penelitian berupa mencari literatur tentang mobile learning dan pengaplikasiannya dalam proses pembelajaran di abad 21 oleh pendidik dan peserta didik dan tools yang digunakan. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan berupa literature review. Hasil penelitian yang diperolah dari literature yang didapatkan bahwa penggunaan teknologi mobile berdampak pada berkembangnya aplikasi mobile learning sebagai sarana dalam proses pembelajaran pada abad 21. Aplikasi mobile learning dapat digunakan oleh pendidik dan peserta didik asalkan terhubung dengan internet. Perkembangan aplikasi mobile mengakibatkan pendidik harus memiliki kemampuan untuk menguasai penggunaannya. Begitu juga sebaliknya peserta didik dapat memanfaatkan aplikasi ini dalam membangun pengetahuan mereka terhadap suatu materi yang dibutuhkan. Kesimpulan yang peneliti dapatkan pada penelitian ini yaitu: Pembelajaran dengan menggunakan mobile learning mengakibatkan perubahan yang terjadi pada pendidik dan peserta didik terhadap cara berpikir; cara bekerja; tingkat penguasaan teknologi yang ada dan kemampuan untuk beradaptasi dan bertahan hidup pada lingkungan luar.


Keywords


Revolution of Industry; Mobile Learning; 21th Century Learning; Application of Mobile Learning

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30983/educative.v5i1.3132

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