Rekognisi Agama Lokal Prasyarat Menuju Demokrasi Majemuk

Sudarto Sudarto

Abstract


The biggest challenge for plural democracy is how to manage the diversity of its people according to the principles of equality and justice. In this connection, it cannot be denied Indonesia as a plural state is being faced with the maturation of democracy on one side, and the challenges of managing the diversity of its people on the other side. Some of the challenges of pluralism that still occur in Indonesia include: First, there are still many overlapping regulations. Especially regarding the management of religious diversity. Secondly, law enforcers do not provide protection. Mainly related to freedom of religion or belief. Third, although Indonesian people basically live in a pluralistic reality, but in fact the foundation of tolerance of the plural Indonesian society is still relatively fragile. The problem of managing the diversity of religions or beliefs as described above, has an interconnected relationship with the difficulty of presenting the moderation of religions in Indonesia. The question is how to manage the diversity of religions and beliefs according to the principle of equality and fairness, especially for the local belief groups of the archipelago, which in political language is called the flow of trust nomenclature? How is the portrait of the state's treatment of local religious groups? And offers the concept of diversity management which is expected to contribute to reaffirming Indonesia's diversity towards Islamic moderation. Because it cannot be denied, speaking of religious moderation actually speak of religious tolerance amid diversity in high intensity.



Full Text:

PDF

References


An Na’im, AA., (2010).Islam dan Negara Sekular Negosiasi Masa Depan Syari’ah, Bandung: Mizan.

------------., (1990).Dekonstruksi Syari’ah, Wacana kebebasan Sipil, Hak Asasi Manusia dan Hubungan internasioan dalam Islam, Jogjakarta: LKiS.

Atkinson, J.M., (1978).Religion and Dialogue, The Construction of an Indonesian Minority Religion, Dalam Rita Smith Kipp dan Susan Rogers (eds), Indonesia Religion in Transition, Tucson: The University of Arizona Press.

Bagir, Zainal Abidin. dkk., (2011).Pluralisme Kewargaan, Arah Baru Politik Keragaman di Indonesia, Bandung: Mizan – CRCS.

------------., (2014).Mengelola Keberagaman dan Kebebasan Beragama, sejarah Tradisi dan Advokasi. Bandung: Mizan – CRCS.

Banawiratma,J.B. Dkk., (2010).Dialog Antarumat Beragama, Gagasan dan Praktek di Indonesia, Bandung: Mizan.

Bhargava, Rajeev.,(2011).“Should Europe learn from Indian secularism?”: India Minority and Pluralism Symposium on living with differences between religion and culture.

Dhakidae, Daniel.,(2003).Cendekiawan dan Kekuasaan dalam Negara Orde Baru, Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Geertz, Clifford. (1960). The Religion of Java. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

Hafner, Robert W. Dkk., (2005). Remaking Muslim Politics: Pluralism, Contestation, Democratization. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Hashemi, Nadar (2003) ”Islam, Secularism and Liberal Democracy: Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies”

Latif, Yudi., (2011). “Negara Paripurna, Historisitas, Rasionalitas dan Aktulitas Pancasila, Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Mulder, Niels (1983). Kebatinan dan Hidup Sehari-hari Orang Jawa: Kelangsungan dan Perubahan Kultural. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Rawls John. (1997). The Idea of Public Reason Revisited. Chicago: The University of Chicago Law Review, Vol 64. No.3

Saidi, Anas, dkk.,(2004), Menekuk Agama Membangun Tahta: Kebijakan Agama Orde Baru, Jakarta: Desantara.

Shachar, Ayelet. (2000). “Multicultural Jurisdiction” Law Review 35, No. 2 Summer.

Sudarto., (2016). ”Religionisasi Indonesia; Sejarah Perjumpaan Agama Lokal dan Agama Pendatang”. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama

Sutanto, T.S., (2013), Merayakan Kebebasan;Bunga Rampai Menyamput 70 Johan Effendi”, Jakarta: ICRP dan Kompas.

Stepan, Alfred., (2000). ”Religion, Democracy, and the ”Twin Toleration”’. Project Muse: John Hopkins University Press.

-------------., (1996). ”Problem of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, Sothern Europe, South America, and Post Comunist Europe.” London. John Hopkin University Press.

-------------., (2012). ”The Multiple Secularism of Modern Democratic and Non-Democratic Regimes”, New York. NY: Oxford University Press.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30983/fuaduna.v3i2.2547

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Fuaduna : Jurnal Kajian Keagamaan dan Kemasyarakatan
Indexed By:



Copyright © 2017 Fuaduna
Licensed Under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.