Strategic Roles Aplied by Minangkabau Local Leaders in Preventing Religious Radicalism in West Sumatra


Authors :
(1) Ismail Ismail Mail (State Islamic Institute of Bukittinggi, Indonesia)
(2) Muhiddinur Kamal Mail (State Islamic Institute of Bukittinggi, Indonesia)
(3) Sarwo Derta Mail (State Islamic Institute of Bukittinggi, Indonesia)
(4) Muhamad Rezi Mail (State Islamic Institute of Bukittinggi, Indonesia)

Abstract


This paper examines the Minangkabau local leaders’ understanding about religious radicalism and the strategic role it plays in preventing religious radicalism in West Sumatra. This study refutes previous studies that argue that areas with strong custom and religious traditions have a history of radicalism since the colonial era war, and the negative stigma this entails. It also refutes the latest findings that consider this area to be an intolerant area in Indonesia. By using a qualitative approach, the results of this study shows that the local leaders in West Sumatra understands radicalism as a narrow, textual understanding of religion, one that is rigid and prone to antagonizing people who do not share their understanding. The strategic role played by the Minangkabau traditional leadership in tackling radicalism is in the form of cultivating noble customary practices and religious values, maintaining religious traditions that contain the values of togetherness, tolerance, and mutual solidarity (gotong royong), and preserving the commemoration of Islamic holy days and other religious events.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan tentang pemahaman elit adat Minangkabau tentang radikalisme agama dan peran strategis yang dimainkannya dalam penanggulangan radikalisme agama di Sumatra Barat. Studi ini membantah stigma negatif melalui studi terdahulu bahwa daerah yang kuat tradisi adat dan agama mempunyai sejarah tumbuhnya radicalisme sejak Perang Paderi masa kolonial, sampai temuan terupdate yang menganggap bahwa daerah ini tidak toleran di Indonesia. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kepemimpinan lokal di Sumatra Barat memahami radikalisme sebagai faham keagamaan yang sempit, tekstual, memutlakkan pendapat mereka sendiri dan menyalahkan atau membid’ahkan orang yang tidak sefaham dengan mereka. Adapun peran strategis yang dimainkan oleh kepemimpinan adat Minangkabau dalam penanggulangan radikalisme adalah berupa penanaman nilai-nilai adat dan agama yang luhur, mempertahankan tradisi-tradisi keagamaan yang memuat nilai-nilai kebersamaan, toleransi, gotong royong, dan menggiatkan acara-acara pengajian dan peringatan hari-hari besar Islam.


Keywords


Religious Radicalism; Local leadership; Traditions

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| DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30983/islam_realitas.v6i2.3291

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30983/islam_realitas.v6i2.3291

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